Periodontics

Periodontal diseases range from a simple gum inflammation to a serious disease which results in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that supports the tooth. If you have been told you have a form of periodontal (gum) disease, you’re not alone. There are at least 3 million cases diagnosed per year.

The good news is, periodontal diseases are fairly preventable when seeing your dental hygienist and Dentist regularly.

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease. It causes the gums to become red, swollen and they will bleed more easily. There is normally little to no discomfort at this stage but some signs are tenderness or blood while brushing or flossing.

Gingivitis is more often caused by inadequate home oral care. It is reversible with the help of your dental hygienist and Dentist, but it also takes a good home care routine of brushing twice daily, flossing and sometimes using mouth rinses and other medicaments.

There are also other factors that contribute to gingivitis including: diabetes, smoking, aging, stress, pregnancy and a wide range of other things. If you notice any of these signs or symptoms, or have had any change in your health history, always remembers to let your Dental Provider know during your check up.

Periodontitis

When gingivitis goes untreated it can advance to periodontitis. With time, plaque can spread and grow into the gum line. Plaque is bacteria that irritates the gums. Once the plaque is under the gum line the body in essence turns on itself and the tissue and bones that support the teeth are beginning to break down.  As the disease progresses it becomes more destructive, the pocket depths on your gum line become deeper and there will be a loss of attachment between the tooth and the gum. In some cases the teeth become mobile and you will see gum recession.

There are many forms of periodontitis, but the most common cases are:

  • Aggressive periodontitis
  • Chronic periodontitis

At your next visit be sure to once more vocalize any symptoms you have noticed at home during your home care routine.